TOILET TRAINING YOUR PUPPY
Your puppy has a small bladder and bowel and will therefore need to go to the toilet quite often. You should take your puppy outside to the same spot first thing in the morning, after every meal and nap, last thing at night and whenever they are excited or nervous.
Look for those 'I need to go' signs such as walking in circles, sitting by the door, sniffing the ground or becoming generally restless. Remember to give your pup plenty of praise when it 'goes' in the right spot but never dish out punishment for 'accidents' inside the house - this is counter productive and will slow your puppy's progress.
Five steps to successful toilet training:
Watch for signs that your puppy has to go to the toilet (sniffing, circling etc), then take it outside immediately.
A young puppy has no bladder control and will need a toilet break after eating, drinking, sleeping or playing. At night, your puppy will need to go at least every three hours.
Punishment is not the way to deal with 'accidents' - your puppy won't understand and may even find a 'secret spot' to relieve itself when you're out of sight.
Praise your puppy every time it 'goes' in the right spot.
Treat your puppy in the same way you would your own infant - with patience, constant supervision and a gentle touch.
Every day is a learning day for a curious pup and whether they learn manners and other appropriate behaviours is the responsibility of its owner.
You should start training your puppy as soon as you welcome it into the household - while it is young, eager to learn and hasn't picked up any bad habits. Your new best friend wants to please you, so it is more effective to lavish praise and reward good behaviour than to punish bad behaviour. Undesirable behaviour that does occur must be corrected at the instant it happens with a loud, gruff, "NO".
Even an eight-week-old puppy can learn to sit before it gets a treat or a meal. Your pup can also begin to learn to walk on a leash, to ride quietly in the car, to wait before going out the door, and to keep all paws on the floor when greeting guests. The key is gentle guidance, consistency, and consideration for a puppy's fragile spirit.
TEACHING YOUR PUPPY TO SIT
Sit" is a wonderful command as puppies simply cannot get into mischief when sitting. With a bit of time and patience, dogs of all kinds can be taught to sit in a matter of days.
To teach this command, take a piece of food between your thumb and index finger and fold the rest of your fingers against your palm. Put the food right up to your puppy's nose, no more than a half-inch from it. You should now have your puppy's full attention so slowly lift the treat up over its head and slightly back toward the tail. Hold it there and, as your pup raises its head up to nibble at the food, gently push its bottom down. Say "sit" as you see it start to lower. This will help your little student learn to associate the act of sitting with the word. Practice this whenever you give your puppy a toy or treat or when you open a door or remove the leash.
TEACHING YOUR PUPPY TO STAY
Teaching your puppy to 'STAY' is important to your puppy's safety, and is very useful in daily activities. For the best effect, your puppy will need to have mastered the 'SIT' command first.
The 'STAY' command teaches your puppy to remain still until you allow it to move again. To begin with, attach the leash and hold it in your right hand with your puppy on your left side. Next, say 'STAY' in a firm voice, then step forward and turn to face your dog, holding the leash straight up so it and the collar are high on its neck. Wait a few seconds and then return to its side. Practice this for 10 minutes each day, gradually backing away to the full extent of the leash and giving plenty of praise (and a yummy treat) for every successful attempt
TEACHING YOUR PUPPY TO COME
When teaching your puppy commands it's important that it reacts to you and comes when called. That's why the command "COME" is an excellent one to teach early on.
When training your young student, try to use the same command word consistently, so as not to confuse your pup. Choose a short, one-word command, not a long sentence. For example, "Come here!" is actually too long, whereas "Come!" is just the right length. After you have called your pup once or twice, it will probably come running to you no doubt with a furiously wagging tail! Give your pup a lot of praise (and the occasional treat) every time it successfully obeys your command so he or she knows that these actions pleased you.